Diamond loses its hardness
“LONSDALITE” kicks the diamonds hardness and replaced it by the title of world’s toughest substance.
“Some time ago a manmade nanomaterial replaced diamond with little of toughest substance with little toughness but this element “LONASDALITE” has left diamond back with 58% of hardness as diamond” . Scientist Zicheng Pan at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and colleagues presented a report to prove how the two atoms of LONSDALITE makes it uniquely toughest. Wurtzite boron nitride and diamond has a similar structure but wurtzite boron nitride is made of different atoms. On the other side mineral of LONSDALITE also known as hexagonal diamond is formed from carbon atoms similar to diamond, but atoms are arranged in a different shape. Wurtzite boron nitride and LONSDALITE exist naturally or have been made in the lab in small amount and so its hardness is not been experienced by the diamond lover and consumer.
Wurtzide boron nitride is 18% tough than diamond, and LONSDALITE 58% more, the report shows. The experiment of physical toughness with this two elements would say and prove it all of them. Hitting meteorites containing graphite to Earth leads to the formation of rare and toughest element LONSDALITE, with very high temperatures and pressures of volcanic eruptions leads to the formation of while wurtzite boron nitride.
Wurtzite boron nitride was prove to be the most useful substance as compared to lonsdalite and diamond as it is stable in oxygen at higher temperatures than diamond and lonsdalite. This elements are then used as cutting and drilling tools at higher temperature or the corrosion free tools at space vehicle.